Modern rhythms of life require a person to be highly responsive. Millions of people all over the world spend their strength and health daily on the ability to quickly move and quickly solve problems. As a result, a minimum amount of time remains for rest and eating. Chronic fatigue, malnutrition, abuse of energy drinks, the use of tonic medicines – all these are sources of one of the most common diseases of the 21st century. We are talking about the disease atherosclerosis – an ailment whose “mortal” rate only competes with oncology, that is, cancer.
Strictly speaking, atherosclerosis is a pathological condition of blood vessels. Painful manifestations in this body structure are explained by the gradual filling of the vascular lumen with lipid (fat) deposits. The pathological process develops against the background of eating fatty, sweet and flour foods, frequent stressful situations, inactivity (sedentary lifestyle). The provoking factors of the disease are genetic prerequisites and diabetes.
How is atherosclerosis manifested?
The clinical picture of the disease depends on the stage of its development. Symptoms of early atherosclerosis are manifested by frequent dizziness, “stuffy ears” syndrome (tinnitus), a sharp deterioration in vision in the afternoon.
The developed stage of the disease manifests more serious disorders in the functioning of blood vessels and the nervous system. So, typical symptoms of atherosclerosis are the following symptoms of atherosclerosis – angina pectoris, arterial hypertension, chronic insomnia, fatigue, irritability, periodic syndromes of sudden anxiety and fear.
With lesions of the peripheral vessels (lower extremities), physical impossibility to overcome long distances on foot may occur, difficulty arises with prolonged standing in place. In this case, specialists indicate a symptom of “intermittent claudication.” Periodic limping “helps” the damaged vessels to supply blood.
Principles of exposure to the disease
Lifestyle changes, increased physical activity, the use of fresh, natural products determine the treatment of early stage atherosclerosis . More complex forms of the disease may require serious medical interventions: a strict diet is prescribed for the patient and medications are prescribed that are aimed at lowering blood lipids. In addition, it is recommended to take vasoconstrictors, vitamin therapy is certainly prescribed.
In special cases, with extensive damage to the blood vessels, surgical intervention may be required. During a standard operation, fragments of “clogged” vessels are eliminated, blood supply to the pathologically changed area is restored. With occlusion (complete blockage of the vessel), as well as inflammatory processes associated with the process (gangrene), the affected organ or even part of the body is removed.
To prevent such a development of events, it is necessary to adhere to the principles of a healthy lifestyle. Elimination of sources of atherosclerosis, prevention of vascular diseases does not require special procedures. It is enough to limit the intake of “unhealthy” foods and include in your daily routine an hour-long walk in the fresh air.
Being a disease of modern man, atherosclerosis is “active” in relation to young people. According to statistics from the World Health Organization, more than 30% of people aged 25-35 are at risk. Strokes, heart attacks, gangrene of the extremities – this is an incomplete list of the consequences of the development of vascular disease. Severe complications of the disease are easy to prevent. Moreover, general recommendations for the prevention of atherosclerosis will help prevent a number of other complex diseases (obesity, diabetes mellitus).