Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with a possible inherited predisposition, timely detected only in one third of the population suffering from it and dangerous due to its complications with characteristic lesions of the body, coma and coronary artery disease.
The current level of medicine and the consistent treatment of diabetes mellitus help to avoid the negative effects of this disease, even make you feel like a healthy person, and some even celebrate the 90th anniversary.
Types and conventional treatment for diabetes
The disease is due to a lack or poor digestibility of the hormone pancreatic insulin. Insulin, in turn, is necessary for the body to process glucose from food and receive energy.
Impaired glucose absorption leads to complications, such as coma, damage to organs, bones and joints. An excess of glucose not included in the work causes hypoglycemia, and the body poisons itself.
Type I diabetes – due to direct barriers to the effective functioning of the pancreas due to trauma, poisoning or surgery. The necessary cells died, and there is an excess of glucose in the body, and insulin is not enough.
Insulin injections are still used to combat type I.
Type II diabetes – indicated by the acceptable production of insulin with poor susceptibility to it. Defective can be both the cells themselves in relation to insulin, and the produced insulin in its formula.
In such cases, drugs that activate pancreatic insulin are prescribed.
Gestational diabetes – can develop during pregnancy and lead to other types of diabetes in the mother and disorders in the child.
Gestational diabetes is easily avoided through prevention. A diet with a carbohydrate restriction as prescribed by a doctor – then treatment for diabetes is unlikely to be needed .
Diabetes MODY – similar to the first type, but caused by a rare genetic defect.
The creation of insulin by special areas of the pancreas is worsening – small doses of insulin from the outside are needed.
External manifestations of diabetes
- Small scratches on the skin heal for a long time.
- The skin is dry, then itching occurs.
- Purulent acne that cannot be cured.
- Regular drowsiness and breakdown during the day.
- Imperishable thirst.
- Or severe hunger almost immediately after eating.
- A constant desire to cope with a petty need.
- Sudden weight loss for no apparent reason.