Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition that occurs in diabetic patients in which acetone (ketone bodies) appears in their blood. It poisons the body, which can cause ketoacidotic coma (loss of consciousness), and in severe cases , death.
Acetone appears in urine if:
- a blood test for diabetes mellitus shows that the sugar level is in the range from 13.5 to 16.7 mmol / l;
- urine analysis informs about an increase in sugar up to 3% or more.
A person who, during self-monitoring, detects an increase in glucose up to these limits in urine and in the blood, must necessarily measure the indicators of acetone in the urine. This is necessary to select the correct tactics for stabilizing the state, since in the presence and absence of acetone, it will be different.
Patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, who have detected acetone in the blood or urine, first of all need insulin.
Competent insulin therapy and careful control of blood sugar levels using such glucometers as OneTachSelectSimple , iChek , Clover Check , etc. will help people with the first type of diabetes mellitus to live without complications of the disease for many years.
Also, acetone in urine can appear when the blood sugar level drops below 3.3 mmol / l – this condition is called hypoglycemia. In this case, the patient should immediately take a certain amount of rapidly absorbed carbohydrates – this may be 20-30 grams. pure sugar, a small sachet of juice, or the specially formulated Dextro4 hypoglycemia compensation product.
As a rule, acetone in the blood appears in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. As for people with type 2 diabetes, the appearance of acetone is evidence of a sharp deterioration in compensation. In this case, you need to urgently contact your doctor for urgent action.