Glucobai is a drug, has a hypoglycemic effect, it is recommended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, when the health-improving diet did not produce the required therapeutic effect.
The main active ingredient is acarbose, additional auxiliary components present in each tablet are cellulose, magnesium stearate, corn starch, silicon and others.
Tablets are available in a dosage of 50 mg, they have a white or yellowish tint, there is a signature engraving. 100 mg tablets are also yellow or white, there is a risk on both sides.
It is necessary to consider how to take the drug Glucobay, and what contraindications does it have? What is the difference between these pills and glucophage? Does the drug have analogues?
Indications and contraindications
Tablets are recommended for the treatment of chronic type II sugar disease in combination with a health diet. They are prescribed by the attending doctor in the form of a monotherapeutic agent or in combination with other medications, including insulin.
Tablets are also prescribed as a preventive measure for type II sugar disease in patients who have a history of impaired glucose tolerance. They need to be drunk in accordance with the prescribed dosage, while the program of therapy includes proper nutrition and physical activity.
Glucobai is a medicine, therefore it has not only its indications for use, but also contraindications. It is forbidden to take pills if the patient has an increased sensitivity to the drug or its auxiliary components.
Contraindications are the following situations:
- Children under 18 years old.
- Chronic pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Pathological conditions accompanied by increased gas formation.
- Pregnancy, breastfeeding.
- Severe renal failure.
The contraindications listed above are absolute, that is, it is strictly forbidden to take the drug.
Relative contraindications are fever, infectious pathologies, injuries and surgery.
It should be noted that when taking pills, the level of liver enzymes can increase (this condition develops without symptoms), therefore, in the first six months or a year of therapy, it is necessary to constantly monitor the content of these enzymes.
There is no data that would be related to the safety of use during pregnancy and breastfeeding, therefore, the drug for oral administration is not recommended.
Instructions for use of tablets
In order to obtain a pronounced therapeutic effect from the use of the drug, the tablets must be taken whole (can not be chewed or crushed in any other way), immediately before meals. You can drink it with a small amount of ordinary liquid.
The required dosage of the drug is selected by the doctor individually for each patient. If the patient has type 2 diabetes, then the tablets are prescribed exclusively in combination with diet therapy.
The price of tablets depends on the amount of active substance in them. 50 mg tablets (30 pieces) cost about 550 rubles, the price of 100 mg (in a package of 30 pieces) is about 800 rubles and more.
Instructions for use Glucobay:
- The initial dosage of the drug is 50 mg up to 3 times a day. In some situations, the doctor may prescribe a dose of 100 mg as many times a day.
- Gradually, a dosage increase to 300 mg per day occurs.
- When the severity of the therapeutic effect is small, they can recommend 200 mg three times a day.
- The dosage is increased every 4 or 8 weeks if past doses have not given the desired result.
- The average dose per day is 300 mg.
It should be noted that if a patient experiences digestion or flatulence from the use of the drug, then the dosage increase is stopped. Sometimes the doctor can go down at all.
Reviews of patients show that the drug in the vast majority of cases is well tolerated, however, in some situations, the body can react with some negative phenomena.
In the annotation to the tool, you can find a complete list of probable negative reactions that were obtained through clinical trials, as well as patient reports.
On the part of the cardiovascular system, swelling can be observed, however, this is a rare side effect. From the hematopoietic system – thrombocytopenia (the frequency of manifestation is not installed).
The following reactions may develop:
- Quite often – increased gas formation, disruption of the digestive tract, pain in the abdomen, attacks of nausea and vomiting.
- Increased concentration of liver enzymes (rarely), yellowness of the skin.
- Hepatitis (very rare).
Important: if pronounced negative reactions are observed after the use of the drug, it is necessary to immediately inform the attending physician about this. He will adjust the dosage, or prescribe another drug with a similar effect.
Analogues of the drug
Similar drugs are: Siofor, Alumina, Acarbose. Siofor is a drug with a hypoglycemic effect, which belongs to the biguanide group. The drug has an antidiabetic effect.
Reception of Siofor provides inhibition of glucose absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, increases the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to insulin, and slows down the process of glucogenesis.
Reviews show that the drug helps to reduce body weight in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Against the background of the use of the drug, a decrease in the concentration of glucose in the body is observed.
The difference from Glucobay is that Siofor, in addition, effectively fights insulin resistance. In addition, the difference lies in the fact that tablets have a positive effect on cholesterol metabolism in the body.
Features of the use of analogues:
- Acarbose is a medicine for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. An initial dose of 25 mg three times a day. The dosage may gradually increase, and a maximum of 300 mg per day.
- Alumina is a drug, the dosage is always prescribed individually. Recommended in combination with a low-carb diet for diabetics.
Glucobay is a medication that is recommended exclusively by your doctor. This statement also concerns its analogues. Drugs differ in their indications and contraindications, as well as side effects.
If the patient is treating type 2 diabetes with folk remedies, then he should inform his doctor about this. It is possible that complex therapy will help reduce the dosage of the drug.