How is diabetes manifested? Its first symptoms depend on the form of the disease. The first type of diabetes in acute form is often manifested in young people. Type 2 diabetes develops mainly in people who are old, slow and often hidden.
Manifestations of diabetes in the first type of disease
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus of the first type differ from the general picture characteristic of diabetes of the second type. The number of patients with the first type is significantly less than with the second – up to 10% of the total. The disease is characterized by an acute onset at a young age, therefore this type of diabetes is also called “diabetes of the young.”
The patient is worried about sharp weight loss with normal or even increased appetite, poorly eliminated skin itching and poor healing of skin lesions, intense thirst and subsequent excessive urination. Manifestations of diabetes can also be expressed in non-specific symptoms – a feeling of chronic fatigue, fatigue.
If at this stage you do not seek medical help in a timely manner, a life-threatening condition may develop – a diabetic coma. Many of the patients are hospitalized due to the rapid development of the disease, not even knowing about their diagnosis.
How does type 2 diabetes manifest
The manifestations of type 2 diabetes mellitus are somewhat different from the first. First of all, the disease is characteristic of people over the age of 40 years who are overweight. The development of type 2 diabetes is not accompanied by a decrease in body weight, but by an increase. For this disease, at first, acute hypo- and hyperglycemia, leading to a coma, are not characteristic.
With the exception of severe weight loss, the symptoms of the second type of diabetes are similar to the first type – irritation and itching of the skin, poor healing of the wounds, the appearance of persistent fungal diseases, excessive thirst and polyuria (excessive urination).
Sometimes patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus may not experience any unpleasant sensations for a long time – this course of the disease is called asymptomatic.
Sometimes type 2 diabetes is diagnosed with a routine examination.
The asymptomatic course and the smooth development of the disease leads to the fact that people seek help only when the first external signs of complications accompanying the disease appear. These can be cardiac disorders, angiopathies (vascular lesions, especially vessels of the lower extremities), decreased visual acuity and edema, indicating vascular disorders or renal failure.
Treatment of diabetes in such cases consists not only in the correction of blood glucose levels to normal, but also in the treatment of complications that have already arisen.