Whether a man with diabetes can have children is a matter of concern to a large number of males due to the wide spread of this pathology among them.
The long-term development of diabetes leads to the appearance of numerous complications that adversely affect most organs and their systems. The risk of the onset and progression of chronic pathologies provoked by diabetes mellitus largely depends on the control of metabolic processes.
The progression of diabetes leads to damage to the blood vessels of the circulatory system, the patient develops microangiopathy of small vessels and capillaries and macroangiopathy, which leads to atherosclerotic lesions of the elements of the vascular system, having a medium and large diameter. These pathologies lead to a deterioration in the blood supply to tissues and a disruption in the functioning of their cells.
Why does diabetes reduce the reproductive capacity of the male body?
Diabetes mellitus leads to a weakening of various functions, the appearance of various disorders in the work of the male body leads to malfunctions in the hormonal background of the body. These changes significantly reduce the likelihood of conception of a child.
Diabetes mellitus is a rather dangerous disease that has a significant impact on the reproductive system of men. In the presence of diabetes, the guy can notice a significant decrease in sex drive and a decrease or complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate. Such fertility problems make it difficult to conceive in diabetes.
At the present stage of development of medicine, scientists and practitioners are making every effort to find out how much the presence of diabetes affects the development of male infertility.
It has been reliably established that sperm in men with progressive diabetes have a damaged DNA code, which is responsible for the storage and transmission of genetic material from generation to generation.
A woman, wondering if it is possible to give birth from a man with diabetes, must understand that even if it is possible to give birth to a child, there is a high probability of inheriting a tendency to diabetes.
If a man has diabetes, can he have children?
Men with decompensated diabetes can suffer from complications such as nephropathy. Such a pathology leads to problems in the functioning of the kidneys and urination system.
The development of the disease contributes to the formation of narrowing of the urethra, which leads to difficulties in the release of sperm during ejaculation. Instead of being expelled from the body, the seed is pushed into the bladder.
This phenomenon is called reverse ejaculation and is one of the causes of male infertility.
In addition, the appearance and progression of diabetic neuropathy can be dangerous for reproductive function.
The first signs of a complication are:
- tingling in the upper and lower extremities;
- the appearance of a burning sensation in the legs;
- frequent occurrence of cramps in the calves;
- the occurrence of pain in the lower extremities.
Sensory impairment is especially dangerous. This is due to the fact that the patient does not experience pain when receiving superficial injuries. Minor injuries over time can transform into non-healing ulcers that provoke the destruction of soft tissues and bones over time. Most often, this situation is recorded on the feet, the patient develops a diabetic foot.
The appearance of autonomic neuropathy of the nervous system threatens the male body with impaired potency. Very often there is the occurrence of problems with potency, which is associated with insufficient blood flow into the cavernous bodies of the penis.
The inability to perform normal sexual intercourse leads to problems with conception in diabetes.
Can diabetics have children?
Is it possible to give birth if the husband has diabetes, many women ask such a question when visiting a antenatal clinic. Joint studies of endocrinologists and gynecologists have proved that with diabetes in a man, a woman is able to give birth to a healthy child. But at the same time, in case of conception, it is important to understand the full degree of responsibility and plan pregnancy properly.
The birth of a healthy or sick child depends on the level of sugar in the mother’s blood during the formation of the fetus, in the presence of serious deviations from the norm, complications can occur both in the mother’s body and in the unborn baby.
Men with diabetes can have children, but it should be borne in mind that in the presence of this disease, the quality of seminal fluid sharply decreases. One can see the dependence – the higher the severity of the disease, the less likely the occurrence of fertilization and conception of the child.
The answer to the question of whether it is possible to have children with diabetes in a man is positive only if the woman is absolutely healthy and she has no abnormalities in carbohydrate metabolism.
A contraindication to pregnancy is the presence of diabetes in both parents, which is associated with the presence of overestimated risks of transmission of the disease from parents to the child.
Genetic predisposition and hereditary transmission of diabetes
Most people believe that if a father suffers from diabetes, then in the future this may affect his child and he will be a diabetic. In fact, things are a little different. From sick spouses, children may be born with a predisposition to the disease, and not the disease itself.
In some cases, a child may develop type 1 diabetes, even if a completely healthy woman becomes pregnant from a healthy man. This is due to the fact that type 1 diabetes is characterized by the ability to be transmitted through a generation. This explains the fact that diabetics often give birth to completely healthy children.
If parents are sufficiently knowledgeable about cases of the development of a diabetic state among close relatives, then they should take all necessary measures to protect the child from the appearance in his body of unpleasant symptoms characteristic of a progressive illness.
The primary task of mother and father is to control the nutrition of the family. Avoid eating harmful foods and a variety of sweets, in addition to this child must be accustomed to hardening the body.
There are a large number of determining factors that affect a child negatively and lead to an accelerated manifestation of the disease. These factors are as follows:
- Exposure to frequent stress.
- The presence of a tendency to develop obesity.
- The development of hypertension and atherosclerosis.
- The abuse of alcohol.
- Violation of metabolic processes.
- The development of autoimmune pathologies.
- Diseases that affect the functionality of the pancreas.
- Use in the treatment of certain medications.
- Inadequate rest while exerting increased physical exertion on the body.
It has been reliably established that in diabetics with a second type of pathology registered, in previous generations there were close relatives suffering from this kind of ailment. In such people, the presence of pathologies in the structural organization of genes was revealed.
If the father has type 1 diabetes, the probability of having a child with a predisposition to the disease is 9%, and in the presence of type 2 diabetes, this probability increases to almost 80%.
In the event that both parents are ill with diabetes mellitus of the first type, the probability of having a child with a pathology is 1 to 4, so these parents should consider all the consequences of such a step in the future before conceiving a child.