Among all the causes of diabetes, hereditary predisposition is in the first place. There are other factors: obesity, stress, disease of the pancreas, alcoholism and others. These reasons can somehow be prevented and even eliminated, and it is pointless to fight against heredity. It is not the disease itself that is inherited, but its susceptibility to the defeat of the pancreas, which leads to the formation of insulin deficiency or the lack of its digestibility. Both types will not manifest themselves if there is not at least one risk factor. They are transmitted independently of each other, since they are different diseases. The hereditary risk of diabetes in humans is 60-80% of all factors. It is necessary to consider the types of diabetes separately.
Type 1 diabetes is passed on through a generation – this means that a healthy parent can get sick a child. The risk of insulin-dependent diabetes in children is 5-10%, in their parents 2-5%. The male line is more prone to disease than the female. Very strong bond between identical twins. If one has diabetes, then the other one increases the risk to 50% in the insulin-dependent form and 70% in the insulin-independent form. Determining the hereditary dependence of the disease, it is important to consider not only close relatives, but all relatives: the more sick among them, the higher the risk of acquiring this disease. As one grows older, the risk of acquiring type 1 diabetes mellitus is reduced.
Type 2 diabetes is inherited much more often. Even if one of the parents is sick, the child’s risk reaches 80%. And if the diagnosis is made to both parents, then the probability of the disease in children is 100%. Obesity will only accelerate the development of the disease. Even with poor heredity, it is possible to prevent or at least delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. To do this, it is necessary to eliminate the risk factors – it is possible to make it to every person The first rule is to reduce body weight and fix it at an optimal level. It is necessary to exclude from the diet fatty, fried, sweet, take in moderation, and use no more than 3g of salt per day.
Walking in the open air for at least 30-40 minutes a day will save you from the hypodynamia that dominates people in this computer age. Staying under constant stress and sticking it leads to obesity and brings the onset of the development of the presented disease. It is necessary to remove stress with the help of sports, listening to music, swimming in the pool. It is quite relaxing and relieves stress, which reduces the risk of diabetes. You should also use special sugar substitutes, which will help reduce the level of glucose in the blood, which will prevent the development of the disease, transmitted in connection with genetic predisposition.
When selecting sugar substitutes, you should pay attention to the Japanese product Lakanto. It is a 100% natural and safe glucose substitute, with a pleasant taste, without calories and does not raise blood sugar levels. The product is necessary for patients with diabetes, obesity and anxious healthy lifestyle.
If there is a family predisposition to diabetes mellitus, then the disease can manifest itself during pregnancy. It is called gestational and in 50% of cases passes with the birth of a child, but in the other half it can turn into a chronic form. In addition to the hereditary factor, the onset of diabetes is influenced by the age of the parturient woman (over 30 years), large fetus and rapid weight gain during pregnancy, and primary obesity. Such diabetes is dangerous for both mother and fetus. Carrying a child should be under the supervision of specialists who are prepared to prevent, as far as possible, the complications caused by the presented disease. Here, experts highlight the high risk of preeclampsia, high water and missed abortion. Constantly elevated blood sugar can lead to infection of the genital tract and fetus.
The probability of diabetes is high in the presence of patients with close relatives. The more diabetics in the family environment, the higher the risk of the disease. The factors leading to the occurrence of the disease must be prevented in order to get rid of the probability of the disease and eliminate the disease itself. Timely diagnosis makes it possible to get rid of diabetes or prevent its serious consequences.
The hereditary factor in the development of this disease is considered proven, but it is still not the main one. After all, those children who have never had people with this disease are ill with diabetes. Even with unfavorable heredity, the risk is not that great. So, according to statistics, diabetes is transmitted from a sick father only in 6% of cases. From the mother and even less – in 3.6% of cases (and if the mother gave birth to a child under 25 years of age – then only 1.1%).
The disease is inherited from brothers and sisters in no more than 6.4% of cases, and then if they are sick before 20 years. And if later, the risk for brothers and sisters is reduced to 1.1%. A really high risk of getting sick (risk higher than 20%) exists only for children if both parents have diabetes. But type 2 diabetes, which occurs, as a rule, in adults, is inherited much more often. In the case when both mom and dad suffered from the disease, the risk of getting sick during the life of a child is up to 80%. Unfortunately, more and more teenagers have recently become ill abundant and poor quality food).
Although the exact causes of diabetes are not yet clear to science, it is already clear that the roots of the disease are in the complex interaction of genetic predisposition, viral infection and immunological disorders. It is no coincidence that most often the disease starts after a viral infection. Or after severe stress (both mental and physical – for example, strongest physical exertion or surgery). Diabetes most often occurs in children at risk who have had parotitis, rubella, measles, herpes, rotavirus. Therefore, these children must be vaccinated. And besides, a child from an early age should be taught hygienic skills, because the causative agents of many diseases enter the body from dirty hands.
In addition, reasonable hardening can be beneficial – it reduces the frequency of colds, which are also unsafe.
And of course, it is important to provide the child at home and in the children’s team with a favorable emotional background. After all, stresses of 3-5% increase the risk of developing the disease. The fact isthat adrenaline (a stress hormone) can destroy insulin. There should be no scandals and quarrels at home, and the child should go to the garden and school not with a stick, but whenever possible with pleasure.
Power factor is very important. But the fact that diabetes can develop in any child simply from an excess of sweets is a myth, since its appearance requires special conditions. Although, of course, overeat cakes and candy is wrong from any point of view. Nevertheless, the risk is not only sweet, but any excess, as well as low-quality food and lack of food consumption.
Obesity and unhealthy diets increase the chance of getting diabetes by 10–15%. After all, adipose tissue is immune to insulin, that is, glucose accumulates in the tissues, and insulin cannot reach them.Therefore, in order to prevent the disease, especially among those who are predisposed to it, it is imperative to follow the diet. It must be balanced in protein, fat and carbohydrates. Monotonous, predominantly carbohydrate and fatty foods – a dangerous factor. A large amount of fat alters the insulin receptors, and normal glucose uptake by cells does not occur. Therefore, it is better not to use pork, sauces, fatty dairy products and cakes. Salty food is also unhealthy. It is necessary to eat often, six times a day, and little by little. It is important that the food is natural: vegetables, fish, dairy products, lean meat, cereals, fruits, nuts.