Mody diabetes is a large group of types of diabetes mellitus, which is characterized by pathologies that are similar in course and inheritance mechanism. In medical practice, such an ailment is called sluggish and relatively light.
Definitely, few people know about this form of diabetes. In the vast majority of cases, patients are diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, there is another kind of pathology caused by a mutation of the pancreas genes.
This type of disease is transmitted by the dominant type of inheritance. In other words, the disease is transmitted from the sick parent to the child. Statistics show that the probability of transmission is 50%. And the disease can be inherited by children of any gender.
It is necessary to consider what symptoms modi diabetes manifests itself in children, how is the pathology diagnosed, and what is the treatment?
Symptoms and types
Mody diabetes is a very special form of the disease, and the symptoms of this pathology do not fall within the standards that characterize type 1 and 2 diabetes. For example, modi diabetes in a child means that if the baby’s blood sugar rises to 8 units for no apparent reason.
This phenomenon can happen once, it can be observed from time to time, it happens that glucose is high for a long time. Unfortunately, there is no single clinical picture of this pathology.
That is why, despite the development of medicine and methods of diagnostic measures, it is sometimes extremely difficult to determine the disease. Why is such a disease dangerous? Despite the fact that the disease is sluggish, it still progresses, as a result of which the functionality of all internal organs is impaired, and the disease goes into severe stages.
Now knowing what this disease is, you need to consider the symptoms, which should make parents worry:
- If on an empty stomach, the concentration of glucose in the body is 8 units. Moreover, such a level of blood sugar is observed over a long period of time. For about several years, and against this background, there are no other signs of diabetes.
- When a child was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. But at the same time, over a long period of time, it is not necessary to adjust the dosage of insulin, and long-term glucose values are within normal units.
- When the concentration of glucose in the body is within normal limits, but at the same time urine tests reveal sugar.
In modern medical practice, there are 8 types of such diabetes, which are based on the mutation of a particular gene in the human body.
The most common diabetes is Modi 1, 2 or 3. In the vast majority of cases, Modi-3 is diagnosed, and it is characterized by the following clinical picture:
- The disease begins “softly.”
- There is no acetone in the urine; odors are not observed from the oral cavity.
- The concentration of insulin is within normal limits, while there is a high level of sugar in the body.
- Sugar is detected in the urine, while in the blood it is at a normal level.
- Vascular comorbidities.
The second type of Modi is the most difficult to diagnose, because it may be asymptomatic, or the clinical signs resemble the second type of diabetes.
Modi-1 resembles Modi-3, but the main distinguishing feature is the absence of impaired renal function.
With 100% probability, only molecular and genetic studies can confirm this pathology. As a rule, they are carried out along with other diagnostic procedures if there is a suspicion of Mody diabetes.
To begin with, the doctor recommends taking a sugar test. And the indicators from 5.5 to 6.1 units on an empty stomach should be alerted. In any case, several tests are carried out, and only if they get uniform results of excess, then it is possible with some probability to talk about the development of a special form of diabetes.
A violation of sugar tolerance is mandatory. After glucose loading, the indicators exceed 8 units. Mild hyperglycemia is usually observed, it is not accompanied by the classic symptoms characteristic of the disease.
It is advisable to familiarize yourself with the rate of blood sugar by age . After all, who has data on indicators, he can prevent the development of serious complications in time.
Additional measures in the diagnosis of Mody diabetes:
- A genetic test that allows you to identify direct relatives who have a sugar disease, impaired glucose tolerance, or a special form of diabetes.
- Indicators of C-peptide.
If the preliminary diagnosis was confirmed by the results of the analysis, and the child has diabetes mellitus Mody (some ordinary people confuse the terms and call him Moby), then it is recommended to conduct a genetic test for close relatives.
Statistics show that they may have the same form of pathology.
Since the form of such a pathology does not differ in the progression and deterioration of the situation, the tactics of therapy are chosen the same as in type 2 diabetes mellitus. At the initial stage of Modi, diabetes in children is treated with a strict, balanced diet and optimal physical activity.
At the same time, medical practice shows that if you choose the right physical exercises, exercise regularly, you can get successful results and quickly achieve compensation for the disease.
Many people recommend treatment through alternative medicine, which presents recipes based on medicinal herbs. In this case, it is preliminarily recommended to consult a doctor about the advisability of such treatment.
It should also be noted that in a number of situations, unconventional treatment is not required at all; it will be enough to adhere to the basic recommendations of the doctor in order to feel good and not expect complications.
As for preventive measures, to prevent the disease, you must immediately say that prevention will not help. Unfortunately, the cause of the pathology is a gene mutation that will manifest itself sooner or later. And no matter what actions a person takes, Modi’s disease will be inevitable.