Signs of diabetes mellitus in women after 30 quite clearly signal the onset of pathology, if you have some idea of the disease. The disease is caused by damage to blood vessels and capillaries, which lose their previous functionality.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, diabetes mellitus is diagnosed in the weaker half of humanity. This is based on the peculiarities of the endocrine system in women, in particular, the ongoing hormonal changes during pregnancy or during the climatic period.
In women after 30 years, the disease is provoked by an unhealthy lifestyle: there is no physical activity, an improper diet, severe stressful situations, and even the body constitution itself favors the development of pathology.
Any disease is best treated at an early stage, and diabetes is no exception to the rule. Therefore, it is necessary to find out what the first signs of diabetes mellitus in women signal the development of pathology, and what causes it?
Causes of the disease
The main reason that leads to the development of pathology is the woman’s genetic predisposition to it. When both parents have a history of diabetes mellitus, the likelihood that the type will be passed on to the child is close to 50%.
Unfortunately, even timely preventive measures, lifestyle changes and other moments cannot stop the pathological process. This can be said about absolutely healthy people, that no methods will help to avoid pathology, if the organism has a “program” with genes.
The causes of diabetes mellitus in women vary widely; in medical practice, negative factors are also highlighted that indirectly affect the development of the disease.
There are the following reasons that can lead to diabetes mellitus:
- Overweight or obesity.
- Pathologies of an infectious nature. Of particular danger are those ailments that the girl suffered from in early childhood.
- Constant fatigue, stress and nervous tension. This applies to women aged 25-30 who are worried about their family, children and their parents.
Bad habits play an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus. Here you can voice the abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking, and even the use of drugs.
The first symptoms of type 1 diabetes
The very first signs of diabetes in women of the first type are the abrupt onset of the disease. All the symptoms cover the patient suddenly, and the pathology manifests itself as pronounced as possible, the symptoms increase every day.
Based on official medical statistics, we can say that the first type is most often diagnosed in the fairer sex who have not yet reached the age of 30.
The classic and first symptom of pathology is intense thirst. The girl is constantly thirsty, and since the balance of hormones and sugar has been imbalanced in her body, the liquid is simply not absorbed. Along with this symptom, there is dryness in the mouth, slight tingling in the throat.
A characteristic sign that this is type I diabetes, and not another disease, is that the more a girl drinks, the more she wants to absorb fluids. In other words, it is impossible to satisfy the thirst.
The manifestation of diabetes at the age of 25 can be characterized by the following clinical picture:
- Frequent trips to the toilet, increased daily urine volume. This symptom becomes a consequence of the consumption of large amounts of fluids. An alarming symptom is this if a girl goes to the toilet more than 12 times a day.
- Weight loss. Due to hormonal imbalance, metabolic processes in the body become unpredictable, body weight can drop sharply.
- Increased appetite. The first type of diabetes combines weight loss and increased appetite. The fact is that nutrients are simply not absorbed in the body of women.
- The smell of acetone from the mouth is a specific symptom of diabetes.
- Decreased body temperature.
- Sleepiness, apathy, constant fatigue.
Having suspected that she has insulin-dependent diabetes, each woman must independently take a glucose test. If the indicators exceed the figures of 6.1 units, then you need to consult a doctor and additionally undergo an examination.
The rate of blood sugar by age has its own characteristics.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
The disease of the second type is characterized by the independence of the patient from insulin, and in the overwhelming majority of cases manifests itself in the weaker sex at the age of 40-55 years. Women who are overweight and move little are in the category of risk of developing pathology.
A characteristic feature of pathology is that it develops relatively slowly, which is especially dangerous. The disease is similar to the first type of diabetes only in some of the symptoms, but there are other signs by which these two diseases differ.
With type 2 diabetes, the hormonal balance in the body of women is disrupted, but everything does not lead to a woman losing weight, but on the contrary, there is a rapid weight gain or obesity is diagnosed (as in the photo).
The following symptoms of diabetes mellitus in women are also distinguished:
- Muscle weakness. Low muscle tone is based on lack of physical activity, in addition, there are disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system of the peripheral region.
- Osteoporosis. Due to the fact that there is a huge amount of glucose in the patient’s blood, which cannot be fully absorbed by her body, fragility of bone tissues is observed. In principle, such a symptom is most often observed in women of the elderly age group, but the disease greatly increases its severity.
It is worth noting that women who are at risk should be aware that pathology can also act as a hereditary ailment.
That is why, if close relatives suffer from diabetes mellitus, you need to be attentive to your health and be sure to regularly visit a doctor.
Pregnancy and diabetes
In order to timely identify the pathology, a woman who is preparing to become a mother is recommended to be tested for glucose in the body. Such an analysis is mandatory even in cases where there is no excess weight.
As a rule, it is recommended when registering with a antenatal clinic, as well as in the second trimester of pregnancy, and the final analysis must be taken before childbirth. The peak of insulin resistance in medical practice is considered to be the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.
During pregnancy, the disease is similar in symptoms to the second type of pathology. It is very rare that a woman actually develops her first diabetes during pregnancy.
Therefore, the pathology, one might say, is associated with insulin resistance, and most often girls and women who are overweight or have gained it by the 3rd trimester of bearing a child are susceptible to it. A special lifestyle and a low-carb diet are recommended for them .
Diabetes is diagnosed more and more in young women each year. That is why all the fair sex should know what symptoms the pathology is characterized by. This is especially true for those ladies who have close relatives.