To date, psoriasis remains a treatable disease. In most cases, doctors diagnose ordinary vulgar psoriasis. It is characterized by the appearance of flat pinkish-red papules on the skin, which have a clear border and rounded outlines that merge into plaques. When scraping, you can see silver-white scales that cover the surface of the affected area of the skin.
Rashes may not always be the same size. They range from a few millimeters to several centimeters. A distinctive feature of other dermatological diseases is that the manifestations of the disease can regress for several weeks, months, and even years. The most affected areas of the body are the elbows, knees, buttocks, scalp, and local skin lesions.
Stages of the disease
Psoriasis vulgaris has three stages of development.
The stage is progressive. There are new rashes with papules on the skin, which increase in size around existing foci. Around them there is an erythematic-edematous border. In the acute phase, vulgar psoriasis can occur with sunburn, minor injuries, places subject to frequent friction, injections, scratches, etc.
The patient should treat his skin as carefully as possible. In no case do not use hard washcloths, do not wipe with a rough towel, do not comb damaged areas. Bathing and prolonged sun exposure also need to be reduced.
Stationary stage. Peripheral healing of papules is observed. The lesions are covered with scaly crusts. Burning sensation decreases, itching decreases.
The stage is regressive. At this stage, the signs of rashes disappear, peeling of the skin decreases, a whitish border appears around the plaques. Despite the gradual improvement and passing symptoms, the disease can worsen at any time.
Causes of the disease
Until now, there is no single hypothesis about the occurrence of a disease that could thoroughly reveal the essence of its appearance. Therefore, it is considered that vulgar psoriasis is a manifestation of multifactorial chronic dermatosis. In medical practice, there are several theories that to some extent reveal the causes of the disease:
– hereditary. It is transmitted on an autonomously dominant basis. The frequency of diseases varies between 2-6 generations;
– exchange. There is a metabolic disorder in the body, some enzymes and DNA with RNA;
– neurogenic. According to research theories, it is believed that the disease can occur as a result of severe psychological trauma or severe nervous breakdown;
– endocrine. In people suffering from this disease, changes in the pituitary-adrenal system and the functions of the sex glands are often detected.
In addition to this, there are many more factors provoking the onset and further development of the disease: skin trauma, diabetes mellitus, some medications, atherosclerosis, etc.
Psoriasis can be attributed not only to skin diseases, but also to pathological changes in the body as a whole. Therefore, if you treat it locally – a waste of time and money. Treatment should be comprehensive and aimed at improving the body as a whole.
Despite the progress of medical science, today there is still no cure that can completely cure psoriasis. In most cases, vulgar psoriasis is treated with several combination drugs, both external and oral. The doctor selects the medications individually and depending on what stage the form of the disease is at. Basically, therapy is aimed at reducing skin infection and improving the general condition of the body: sedatives, vitamin therapy, sanitation of foci, the appointment of antioxidants, various antibacterial ointments, cystostatic drugs and much more.