A diet with high sugar implies a certain restriction in the patient’s diet. By observing certain dietary rules and special recommendations, you can stabilize sugar at the required level and maintain it for a long period of time.
A diet with high blood sugar carries such a principle – it is to limit the content of consumed carbohydrates, and, if possible, completely exclude them from the diet. You can not eat easily digestible carbohydrates, the food should be low in calories. Moreover, all food products should be healthy and fortified.
Diabetes mellitus and obesity often “walk alongside”. And nutrition with high blood sugar not only normalizes glucose levels, but also allows you to get rid of extra pounds, which has a beneficial effect on the metabolism and appearance of a person.
It is necessary to consider what foods can be eaten with diabetes mellitus, and which are strictly prohibited? And also learn how to combine pregnancy and nutrition with high blood glucose
General information about nutrition
The diet must be structured in such a way that it is regular. It is advisable to eat often, but in small portions. Each portion of food should not exceed three hundred grams at a time.
When compiling a diet, special attention is paid to concomitant diseases, blood glucose, hypersensitivity to any food products. In addition, it is important to take into account human activities in order to correctly correlate calorie intake and expended energy.
For any patient, nutrition is always developed by the attending physician. The main rule that he is pushing is the regularity of eating. The menu is based on fresh or slightly boiled vegetables, fresh fruits and berries, tea and berry drinks, low-calorie food.
It is believed that all foods that increase blood sugar should be eliminated from the diet forever. However, in reality this is not the case.
Just by eating sweet dishes, you need to calculate the amount of sugar, carbohydrates and protein elements in it in relation to your daily diet. Correct and balanced nutrition as a percentage of nutrients:
- You need to consume no more than 45% of carbohydrates per day.
- Up to 35% fat, and no more than 20% protein.
It is this ratio in diabetes mellitus that allows you to reduce glucose levels, and avoid serious complications in the future.
While fruit can be eaten, it is worth remembering that it also contains sugar. Therefore, it is recommended to give up bananas and dried fruits, giving preference to apples and watermelons.
In addition, the menu must include the optimal amount of liquid with a high blood sugar level – not less than 2.5 liters.
Pregnancy and diet
Pregnancy is the most wonderful period in the life of every woman. However, he can be overshadowed by various diseases that lead to restrictions in the usual way of life.
During pregnancy with high blood glucose, it is very important for a woman to eat regularly. If she skips any meal, it directly harms not only her health, but also the baby.
During pregnancy, a woman should always monitor her blood sugar concentration. To do this, you can purchase a special device – a glucometer , which allows you to find out the results at home, without having to go to the clinic.
A special strip (can be purchased at the pharmacy) with a drop of blood is inserted into it, and literally within 10 seconds you can get accurate test results. It is recommended to use the device in the morning just before meals.
Basic recommendations for pregnant women:
- Eat every three hours, the night break does not exceed 10 hours.
- Reduce the amount of table salt, vegetable oil and aromatic spices consumed.
- You can not eat fruit at night, use dairy products.
- If you really want something sweet, then you can eat biscuit baked goods, or other foods that have a minimum sugar content.
- You cannot eat mushrooms, sweet and spicy foods.
A pregnant woman should remember that by limiting herself in the diet, she cares not only about her health and well-being, but also about the health of her unborn child.
What shouldn’t be eaten?
Many patients, having learned that a diet with high blood sugar is recommended for them, immediately ask the question, which foods are prohibited for use?
And the question is not idle, but even very relevant, in order to correctly and balancedly compose your menu with high sugar.
It is worth giving up all products that contain simple carbohydrates and sugar. Some doctors say that limiting this intake is enough. But medical practice shows that in order to achieve the required effect, they should be excluded.
Refuse to drink alcoholic beverages, mushroom dishes, sweet foods. The exception is natural honey, but only in small quantities.
The following products are excluded from the menu:
- Bananas, grapes.
- Pork, fatty fish.
- Carbonated drinks, red caviar.
- Fried, salty, spicy and smoked foods.
- Marinades, pastries, ice cream.
Patient reviews show that if glucose was more than 8 units before the diet, then on the third day of proper nutrition, you can see that it is significantly reduced. At the same time, the patient’s general well-being improves, while at the same time effective tablets can be taken to lower blood sugar.
Various vegetables are the basis of food. They can be boiled, stewed, steamed and baked, or eaten fresh. Fried vegetables are not recommended.
It is allowed to include many fruits on the menu, but only those that are low in glucose and sugar. You can choose, in principle, a straight 5 table diet, and lead it, it will be useful and simple.
When using flour products, you need to pay attention to the amount of carbohydrates in them. It is advisable to eat bread made from whole grains, bread made from rye flour, bran. You cannot eat pastries, cakes, rolls and other sweet pastries.
The menu needs to be enriched with meat products, because they give energy to a person. You need to choose low-fat varieties of beef, you can eat chicken breast, veal, rabbit meat.
The following food products are allowed:
- Potatoes, any legumes.
- Tomatoes, beets.
- Hot peppers, zucchini.
- Lean lamb, pork.
- Oatmeal, buckwheat, barley groats.
Chicken eggs can be eaten no more than 1 piece per day. It is recommended to start your day with a delicious porridge that lowers blood cholesterol levels, normalizes sugar content, and contains a large amount of vitamins and plant proteins.
In the end, summing up the line, you need to remind that each meal should contain the same amount of carbohydrates and proteins; overeating is strictly prohibited; remove foods that contain fast-acting carbohydrates from the diet.