Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body lacks insulin and the blood sugar level rises.
This disease is not yet treated, but is amenable to control. Diabetes affects all body systems, there is a violation of their interaction in ensuring vital functions, the body ceases to function normally.
Why does diabetes develop? There is no answer to this question yet, but much is already clear to scientists. So, the risk of developing diabetes can be inherited. Even if there are no patients with diabetes among close relatives, the opportunity to get sick can be obtained from previous generations.
The danger of getting diabetes mellitus also arises under the influence of various causes (viral diseases, operations, severe fear). Insufficient physical activity, overweight, arterial hypertension, diseases of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas, unbalanced diet with excessive consumption of easily digestible carbohydrates contribute to the development of diabetes. Improper nutrition is not a direct cause of diabetes, but often becomes the factor that manifests the disease in people predisposed to it, or aggravates its course, and can contribute to the occurrence of various complications.
Blood sugar is necessary, because with the help of blood it carries cells the energy that is produced by its breakdown. In order for glucose to penetrate into the cells, the hormone insulin is needed – it is the key that unlocks the cell wall and allows glucose to pass through. If this does not happen, sugar accumulates in the blood, and the cells do not receive nutrition.
There are two types of diabetes: insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes.
Insulin-dependent diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas – the body that produces insulin.
In non-insulin-dependent diabetes, the pancreas works fine, but glucose does not enter the cells, since insulin is produced in insufficient quantity or of inadequate quality. Different cells absorb glucose to different degrees, so the disease is easier. The disease appears long before the first signs become noticeable, and the patient does not suspect about it for a long time.
Ancient physicians in Egypt, India, and Rome knew about the disease. Diabetes mellitus is a problem of all ages and countries. Recently, the number of patients with diabetes has been steadily increasing.
Before, diabetes was mainly affected by elderly and socially disadvantaged people. Now the population of all ages is sick, but mostly middle-aged people who are subject to constant stress. Emotional outbursts are associated with an intense release of hormones, and then exhaustion, devastation occurs in the body. Frequent recurrence of such situations can lead to the development of diabetes.
People with adverse heredity, having sick relatives, suffering from inflammation of the pancreas get sick. Risk groups – overweight people (among them the percentage of cases is three times higher). If your extra pounds are firmly held in the waist area, then the risk is obvious. Divide your waist by hips. If the figure is more than 0.95 (for men) and 0.85 for women, there is reason to worry.
Do not rejoice at the birth of children with a body weight of more than four kilograms, they obviously belong to the risk group, and parents should remember this.
Diabetes is an incurable disease, so it is important to prevent it, and when the first symptoms appear, consult an endocrinologist. The disease requires control and a sound approach throughout life. For the patient, the main thing is to learn how to manage diabetes with the help of a doctor, so that the disease does not interfere with normal life. The more a person knows about the disease, the better he learns basic techniques for controlling his condition and correctly adjusts his blood sugar level with a diet.
Signs of a hidden disease – furunculosis, long healing wounds, perineal itching, various skin rashes, periodontal disease. If any of these symptoms occur, it is better to consult a doctor without delay.
In addition, fatigue, weakness, thirst, heavy drinking and urination, weight loss should alert. If the necessary treatment is not carried out in a timely manner, the patient may experience complications, sometimes life-threatening (diabetic coma). An advanced disease often leads to early damage to the vessels of the eyes, kidneys, heart, lower extremities, and the nervous system. The defeat of these organs in the future requires long-term treatment and leads not only to temporary, but also to permanent disability. Having learned about the disease, it is not worth the first thing to seek help from the healers, to seek a radical miraculous healing remedy and to believe in absurd methods of treatment.
It may sound corny, but the best prevention of diabetes is a healthy lifestyle. This is, first of all, rational nutrition, clean air, healthy sleep, wearing natural clothes, hygiene, lack of emotional overload, refusal of artificial stimulants (cigarettes, alcohol), regular physical activity, hardening and preventive examinations.
All this contributes to the preservation of health and a full life.