Diabetes is a disaster in modern society

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Diabetes mellitus is spreading rapidly around the planet. The main reason scientists and doctors call a significant change in lifestyle, the nature of nutrition. The planet’s population has begun to move less and eat more. The leaders in the number of patients are India, USA, China, Russia.Diabetes mellitus is a disease that occurs due to a lack of….

Patology of the fetus in case of diabetes in the mother. Features

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In women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, it is much more difficult to maintain and control the disease during pregnancy. In addition, the need for insulin increases. Poorly controlled diabetes in women leads to the development of polyamnion and preeclampsia, an increase in the frequency of early miscarriages, congenital malformations and late unexplained intrauterine death.   Ketoacidosis leads to high fetal mortality. With meticulous….

Genetics of type I diabetes. Inheritance Features

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There are two main types of diabetes: type I (insulin-dependent – IDDM) and type II (non-insulin-dependent – IDDM), which make up 10 and 88% of all cases, respectively. They differ in typical age of onset, concordance of identical twins and association with specific alleles of the main histocompatibility complex (MHC – major histocompatibility complex). Family accumulation is observed in….

Diabetes. Reasons and development mechanisms

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In 1994, 110.4 million patients with diabetes were registered in the world, by 2000 their number had almost doubled, amounting to about 175 million, by 2025 there would be about 300 million patients with diabetes in the world (Fujimoto WY). The socio-economic significance of the problem is difficult to overestimate. Currently, about 200 million patients with diabetes….

Diabetes Classification

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According to the WHO classification , the main forms of diabetes were recognized as insulin-dependent (insulin-deficient) diabetes mellitus (IDDM), or type I diabetes mellitus, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), or type II diabetes mellitus. Next, a new type of diabetes associated with malnutrition (ADHD), as well as other types of diabetes associated with various secondary diseases, would be highlighted.   According….

Cystic fibrosis is an associated diabetes mellitus. Reasons, diagnosis

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The role of cystic fibrosis associated diabetes mellitus in the natural course of cystic fibrosis increases, as the life expectancy of patients increases. Consequently, its prevalence and manifestations of adverse effects are growing. The incidence of MASD is 5% in patients with MB, but varies between 15-22% in patients over the age of 16. The….

The importance of glucose regulation. Diabetes

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One might ask the question : Is it important to maintain consistency in the blood glucose concentration, taking into account the fact that many tissues may shift the level of utilization of fats and proteins for energy needs in the absence of glucose? The fact is that glucose is the only nutrient that is normally used by the….

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (type I diabetes): causes, diagnosis, treatment

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Etiology and incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus . Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) (also called type I diabetes mellitus, MS No. 222100) is usually caused by autoimmune destruction of islet pancreatic beta cells; the mechanism of initiation of this autoimmune reaction is unknown.   The death of islet b-cells leads to a lack of insulin , and as a result to impaired anabolism and….

Diabetes mellitus in children: causes, clinic, diagnosis

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Characteristic features of endocrine and metabolic disorders in children : • Almost all types of diabetes are insulin-dependent. • Hypoglycemia should be excluded whenever a child suddenly becomes ill. • Congenital hypothyroidism is relatively common and is detected during routine biochemical screening (Guthrie’s test). • Congenital metabolic disorders alone are rare, but are expected in a wide range of differential diagnoses. ….

Gestational diabetes. Prestigious diabetes

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In 3-4% of otherwise healthy pregnant women, there is no increase in insulin secretion sufficient to overcome the insulin resistance of peripheral tissues and maintain euglycemia. This condition is called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is very reminiscent of type II diabetes mellitus: in both cases, increased insulin resistance of peripheral tissues and insufficient insulin secretion….