Diabetes diet

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Numerous studies around the world are focused on finding effective treatments for diabetes mellitus. However, do not forget that in addition to drug therapy, recommendations for changing lifestyle are no less important. The purpose of adhering to a diet in diabetes mellitus is to normalize metabolic processes in the patient’s body. In milder forms of diabetes, strict adherence….

Types of diabetes

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Currently, there are two main types of diabetes mellitus, differing in the cause and mechanism of occurrence, as well as in the principles of treatment. Type 1 diabetes mellitus Type 1 diabetes mellitus (insulin-dependent diabetes) results from the direct destruction of the cells in the pancreas that produce the hormone insulin. Due to a decrease in….

Diabetes mellitus treatment

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Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by an increased content of glucose (“sugar”) in the blood. Why do we need glucose The norm of blood glucose (sugar) in capillary whole blood is 3.3-5.5 mmol / L in the morning on an empty stomach (i.e. after 7-14 hours of night fast) and up….

Complications of diabetes mellitus

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The main reason for the development of complications of diabetes mellitus is vascular damage due to prolonged decompensation of diabetes mellitus (prolonged hyperglycemia – high blood sugar). First of all, microcirculation suffers, that is, the blood supply to the smallest vessels is disrupted. Signs of complications of diabetes Eye damage in diabetes mellitus is called diabetic….

Insulin

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Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. The name of insulin comes from the Latin insula – island. Insulin effects Despite the fact that insulin has many effects in various tissues of the human body, its main effect is to stimulate the transfer of glucose from the….

Why is diabetes mellitus dangerous?

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In patients with diabetes mellitus, blood glucose levels are constantly elevated. In this case, the blood becomes thicker, excess glucose penetrates into the walls of blood vessels, as a result of which they become easily injured, impermeable to nutrients, and lose elasticity. Subsequently, this leads to the occurrence of minor hemorrhages, in the place of which over time there….

How does diabetes mellitus manifest. How to recognize diabetes

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In order to answer the question: “How is diabetes mellitus manifested?” you must first understand what this disease is. With diabetes mellitus, there is a chronic increase in blood glucose levels. In this state, it is difficult for the cells of the body to assimilate sugar, which enters the bloodstream as a result of food digestion. Sugar (glucose)….

Prevention of diabetes mellitus

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Nowadays, diabetes mellitus is one of the most common diseases. Many modern people know how dangerous complications of diabetes mellitus can be. That is why the topic of prevention of diabetes mellitus is quite relevant today. As for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (first) type, there is no prevention of this disease. This means that the patient could not do something or, conversely, not do something to….

Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

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With diabetes mellitus, blood sugar levels are constantly elevated. At the same time, glucose practically does not enter the cells of the body, they do not receive the required amount of energy, which means they begin to “starve”. Weakness, thirst, rapid fatigability, dramatic weight loss and constant hunger, inability to perform even the usual work are the….

Insulin therapy

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As you know, there are two different types of diabetes mellitus: insulin-dependent (type 1 diabetes) and non-insulin dependent (type 2 diabetes). Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus develops in patients with decreased insulin production. That is why these people must constantly inject themselves with insulin for diabetes.   With the correct insulin therapy, blood sugar levels are reduced to a predetermined target range or to….