Not everyone knows what a condition is called prediabetes . With him, the level of sugar in blood tests is slightly increased. It would seem that there is nothing wrong, because this is a small deviation. But this factor already suggests that glucose tolerance is impaired. Prediabetes can be diagnosed at any age – both in children and adults. In the absence of measures of influence, this diagnosis sooner or later turns into full-fledged diabetes, which is no longer amenable to treatment and can only be contained.
Is a complete cure possible?
Prediabetes is a condition that precedes diabetes. The main difference lies in the fact that periodically the endocrine system malfunctions, due to which impaired glucose tolerance develops. As a result, the pancreas no longer produces insulin in the same volume as it did before. That is, with this diagnosis, people are classified as at risk of developing the second type of diabetes mellitus. But, despite the potential danger of the disease, treatment can be carried out successfully if you approach the process correctly. To return the sugar level to normal, you first need to revise your own lifestyle, especially nutrition, physical activity. This condition most often manifests itself completely unexpectedly at the moments of loss of body tissues of their susceptibility to the hormone synthesized by the pancreas. This is how the sugar rises. As a complication , angiopathy can also develop in parallel with prediabetes .
Reasons for the diagnosis
If you do not immediately consult a doctor, then various complications of prediabetes can develop , affecting the functioning of the nervous, visual, circulatory systems. As a result, the reasons for going to the doctor are:
- Being overweight;
- Gestational diabetes during pregnancy;
- A high indicator of sugar levels when taking tests;
- Over 45 years old;
- Polycystic ovary disease;
- High levels of triglycerides, cholesterol in the analyzes.
It is noteworthy that prediabetes usually does not show any symptoms, although there are exceptions. Then signs can manifest themselves in different variations:
- Sleep disturbance;
- Decreased visual function;
- Itching of mucous membranes and skin;
- Intense thirst;
- Cramping at night;
- Reduced functionality of the organs of vision;
- Increased urination.
If there is a suspicion of prediabetes , then a blood sugar test may be required. They mainly use a glucose test to determine the state. If the indicator is slightly below 6 mmol / l, a pre-diabetic state is already set .
The analysis is taken on an empty stomach, and in the morning. It is not even allowed to drink water before donating blood.
How to be treated
Even if a diagnosis of prediabetes is made , it is necessary to influence the situation by approaching the process of conducting therapy in a comprehensive manner. With all the recommendations, it is easy to prevent the development of the second type of diabetes. Most often, with impaired glucose tolerance in patients, the general symptoms of diabetics appear infrequently, and often completely asymptomatic. That is, this is a borderline state with which many people live without even knowing about the threat. But if you follow these guidelines, you can easily stop and reverse prediabetes :
- Proper nutrition;
- Rejection of bad habits;
- Normalization of blood pressure;
- Strengthening the nervous and cardiovascular systems;
- Treatment of existing diseases;
- Decrease in the concentration of cholesterol in the blood;
- Physical load .
It is noteworthy that nutrition and sports help improve the performance of the body’s systems, which, as a result, allows not only to eliminate risk factors, but also to improve endurance, the general indicators of various systems.
With prediabetes , drug therapy is usually not prescribed, since at this stage it is not only ineffective, but even harmful. Therefore, the most optimal way out is to change or adjust the lifestyle, depending on the initial indicators.
Medicines can only be prescribed when lifestyle adjustments have not yielded the expected results. In this case , Metformin , Siofor , Glucophage can be prescribed to choose from.
This approach helps to lower blood sugar levels. At the same time, you manage to lose those extra pounds. Moreover, weight normalization plays a key role in the issue. Basic nutritional rules:
- More fiber;
- Fewer portions;
- Fractional food;
- Refusal from fast food, semi-finished products;
- Refusal from baking and baking confectionery;
- Adding salad, herbs, legumes, fruits, vegetables to the diet;
- The consumption of corn (including cereals), potatoes, rice and other products in which there is a large amount of starch in the composition is minimized;
- Consumption of 1.5-2 liters of water per day;
- Cooking is carried out either in the oven, or by boiling or steaming;
- Refusal from sweets, chocolate and other fast carbohydrates (including carbonated sugary drinks).
Ideally, you should choose foods that are low in fat and have a low glycemic index. Accordingly, we can conclude that the caloric content of food plays an important role in eliminating the state of prediabetes . Therefore, calories will also have to be counted by keeping a food diary.
Despite dietary restrictions, the body must still receive the required amount of all elements, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats.
Herbal remedies for prediabetes
If the condition proceeds with symptoms of a diabetic type – itching, thirst, cramps and other signs, then herbal preparations can alleviate the condition. Their main advantage is significantly fewer contraindications, as well as fewer side effects. Therefore, doctors may prescribe:
- Diaton ;
- Arfazetin- e;
- Insulat .
The action of these drugs is more delicate on the body and allows you to eliminate all unwanted symptoms, simultaneously reducing the blood sugar level. But do not delude yourself that only pills and tinctures can eliminate the condition. Without lifestyle adjustments, this is a temporary measure that will only delay the development of type 2 diabetes for a short period.
Regular physical activity is, after normalization of nutrition, the second pillar on which the treatment of prediabetes is built . At the same time, it is not at all necessary to immediately sign up for intensive fitness. You should start with the following manipulations:
- Walking in the fresh air for half an hour;
- Climbing stairs;
- Small sets of exercises.
If you are overweight, you should exercise up to six times a week. In this case, it is worth considering the level of load and the preparedness of the person. In case of physical inactivity, that is, the absence of activity earlier, it is worth giving preference to interval training. A half-hour session with a combination of cardio and strength exercises is enough per day , which are selected individually.
If you immediately take up the right treatment for pre-diabetes , then there is a chance to avoid the development of the second type of diabetes mellitus. Moreover, the more versatile the approach to therapy, the higher the chances of a complete cure. It is worth noting that it is better to introduce such an effect on a permanent basis, that is, to lead a healthy lifestyle. In this case, not only will the pre-diabetes state be eliminated , but the risks of developing a full-fledged disease will disappear altogether.