Probably, everyone has heard of such a concept as “blood sugar norm” and the related disease “diabetes mellitus”. This is a rather serious ailment that affects almost all systems in the human body. Moreover, under the “first blow” falls the cardiovascular system. To avoid this, you need to constantly monitor the level of sugar in the blood, or rather, monitor the level of glucose in the body.
Diabetes mellitus exists of two types – insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent. In the first case, a person needs to be constantly injected with insulin, while a patient with a second type of diabetes needs only to monitor his diet. The norm of blood sugar can be disturbed in a person of any age. Unfortunately, children under 18 years of age suffer only from a severe form of the disease – insulin-dependent diabetes.
High and low sugar
Elevated levels – hyperglycemia – this is a violation associated with excessive secretion of sugar in the blood, in contrast to its consumption. That is, the body releases too much glucose into the blood. She does not have time to spend and “washed” with urine. This phenomenon may be associated with any physical or psycho-emotional stress. If hyperglycemia lasts quite a while, this is the first signal that calls for immediate medical attention. Prolonged hyperglycemia can lead to thickening of the blood, which is why red blood cells (red blood cells) will not be able to approach the cells and transfer nutrients to them.
Hypoglycemia is the opposite of hyperglycemia. That is, in this case the sugar level is below normal . The decrease in performance is either due to a malfunction of the pancreas, or due to malnutrition.
It should be noted that hypoglycemia is much less common than hyperglycemia. Basically, it manifests itself in the “sweet tooth”. Such people eat too much sweet, which stimulates the production of insulin, and, therefore, the blood sugar norm is violated due to the higher concentration of the hormone insulin. The disease can also develop against the background of various diseases of the kidneys or liver.
Symptoms of the disease are easily diagnosed. First of all, it is a sharp weakness and malaise. A person begins to sweat a lot, feels trembling in his arms, legs and throughout his body, an unreasonable fear of death appears. Then there is a strong excitability, and, consequently, psychological disorders, a feeling of hunger. The patient may even lose consciousness. And to prevent this from happening, just eat candy or drink sweet tea.
What is the blood sugar norm?
Glucose is a universal source of energy. Thanks to her, the cells of the human body live and perform their functions. High blood sugar, as well as low blood sugar, negatively affects overall health. Therefore, from time to time, everyone, even a normally feeling person, must donate blood for analysis. If the blood sugar norm is broken, it is best to consult a specialist – an endocrinologist.
In a healthy patient, blood glucose levels range from 3.3 to 7.8 mmol / liter. These are general indicators. It is also important to consider the gender, age and physique of the patient. So, for example, the blood sugar rate in men is slightly higher than in women.
If a blood test for sugar showed the first signs of diabetes, do not give up – you can still fight the disease. The main thing to follow a diet is to limit yourself to sweets and pastries, cook foods only for a couple or cook and, most importantly, try to get rid of excess weight.
If you still have a situation with sugar levels running, do not despair. Living with diabetes is difficult, but possible. The main thing is to constantly monitor the level of glucose – since now there is a special device for this, a glucometer that allows you to independently, quickly and accurately get the result.