In order to answer the question: “How is diabetes mellitus manifested?” you must first understand what this disease is.
With diabetes mellitus, there is a chronic increase in blood glucose levels. In this state, it is difficult for the cells of the body to assimilate sugar, which enters the bloodstream as a result of food digestion. Sugar (glucose) is the main source of energy for the cells in the body. In order for glucose to pass from the blood into the cell and turn into energy there , insulin is needed in diabetes mellitus. During meals, all foods containing carbohydrates enter the stomach. Digested there, they turn into glucose, which is further absorbed into the bloodstream. In this case, the pancreas reacts to an increase in blood sugar by producing insulin, which helps glucose move into cells. At the same time, its amount in the blood will decrease.
In diabetes mellitus, insulin secretion is impaired or does not occur at all. Depending on its quantity in the body and quality, this disease is divided into two types. In type 1 diabetes, almost no insulin is secreted, and in type 2 diabetes, there may be enough insulin, but it does not work well. In both the first and second cases, the cells receive an insufficient amount of energy (despite the excess of glucose in the blood), as a result of which they begin to “starve”.
Thanks to modern scientific advances, it is very easy to control blood sugar levels today. For this, there are devices such as blood glucose meters (Clover Check, Entrust , SelectSimple , etc.)
How to recognize diabetes mellitus, the main signs of the disease:
Profuse, frequent urination;
A person is worried about itchy skin with diabetes mellitus or itching of the vagina;
The smell of acetone appears from the mouth.
Feeling of hunger, which can occur even after eating ( wolf hunger).
Diabetes mellitus is an insidious disease that may not manifest itself for a long time. That is why every person should consult a doctor when the above symptoms appear. It is important to remember that early diagnosis of diabetes mellitus helps to avoid the terrible complications of this disease.