Medical statistics say that rash with diabetes and other skin pathologies occur in 30-40% of patients. It is known that diabetes is fraught with numerous serious complications on all internal organs and systems, the skin is no exception.
In the vast majority of cases, a diabetic rash is the result of persistent metabolic disorders in the body. Disorders are observed in the dermis and epidermis, in the sweat glands; transformations of connective tissue are slightly less common.
In a number of situations, impaired blood circulation leads to skin pathologies in type 2 diabetes. Other factors can lead to them, such as a sharp weakening of the human immune system, which in turn leads to infection with pathogenic microorganisms.
Another reason why a rash occurs with a sugar disease is the intake of medications. Rashes, spots with even or uneven edges, and other skin manifestations develop on the skin.
It is necessary to consider how the rash on the lower extremities and other parts of the body looks like with diabetes in children and adults. Why do spots appear on my face with diabetes?
Skin pathologies as a consequence of diabetes
In medical practice, there is a huge list of skin diseases, the development of which was promoted by diabetes mellitus in adults. In the first place is such a pathology called diabetic scleroderma.
It is characterized by the fact that it develops with increased blood sugar, and is accompanied by a transformation of the skin in the upper back and neck. The skin becomes thicker and may develop spots.
There is no specific treatment to deal with the problem. First of all, the efforts of medical specialists will be aimed at reducing blood glucose levels.
From a cosmetic point of view, creams or ointments can be recommended, which will help discolor the spots on the face with diabetes (photo). In addition, products of this type will moisturize the skin, make it softer, which will reduce the degree of discomfort.
Vitiligo is often observed in diabetes in many patients, and this is such a pathology of the skin, the development of which is based on the negative effect of high glucose in the body with type I diabetes on specific cells that are responsible for the production of melamine.
Vitiligo is characterized by spots that can appear:
- Spots on the hands, less often on the leg.
- On the face, around the nose and mouth.
- On the stomach, back, shoulders.
To treat such a skin problem, hormone therapy with steroids that are used topically is recommended.
In addition, micropigmentation is used to help get rid of obvious imperfections on the skin.
Lipoid necrobiosis first develops as small red papules. Such a rash on the legs with diabetes occurs on the lower leg, then the elements, which are characterized by bursting vessels in the center, are converted into yellowish color.
Itching dermatoses can manifest as a rash of various localization. They are caused by a high concentration of sugar in the blood, they constantly itch, causing uncomfortable sensations. When scratched, they heal over a long period of time.
A diabetic rash can form suddenly and in almost any area of the body. It can affect the face, nose, ears, fingers, shins, back, thighs, and other areas of the skin.
The only treatment in the vast majority of cases is the normalization of blood sugar. The patient is prescribed insulin or tablets to lower blood sugar, glucose must be strictly controlled up to 10 times a day.
In type 2 diabetes, these skin diseases are also distinguished:
- Pigmentation of the skin, yellowness of the skin and nail plates.
- Sealing of the phalanges of the fingers. Such a rash in diabetes mellitus (photo) arises as a multiple formation of papules, which “cluster” into small groups.
- Compaction of the skin on the lower extremities provokes a violation of the mobility of the joints, so over time, motor function is impaired.
- Eruptive xanthomatosis occurs on the face, thighs, bends of the limbs. In appearance it resembles yellow plaques.
In a number of situations, against the background of a decrease in the immune system of a diabetic, an infection penetrates the body, which can provoke various skin pathologies, including fungal ones.
Development of blisters, plaques and papules
Plaques, indentations, or multiple manifestations of a rash may form on the patient’s skin. The reason is an allergy to medicines, food, insects (usually the development of a rash is provoked by some insects that carry many infections).
With diabetes mellitus, the patient should be attentive to the state of his skin. This mainly applies to those areas where insulin is injected. If pathological changes in the skin are detected, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor.
Diabetic pemphigus is similar in appearance to transparent bubbles. By analogy, this skin manifestation is similar to burns. It can occur on the legs with diabetes.
Very often they occur on the phalanges of the fingers, they are on the feet and forearms. However, blisters of a diabetic nature are not painful, and over time they go away on their own.
Annular granuloma is characterized by the following:
- A sharply defined spot appears on the skin area.
- Most often it occurs on the fingers, ears, and sometimes on the abdomen and chest.
- The rash can be red or brown, or mixed shades.
The only treatment, in principle, as with other skin pathologies, is a decrease in the concentration of glucose in the blood.
The most that a doctor can offer regarding drug treatment is steroid hormonal drugs. Unfortunately, there are no other therapy options.
In any case, knowing how many troubles and complications diabetes can bring, you need to be extremely careful about your health, always control your blood sugar, and follow a low-carb diet. All of these aspects minimize the risk of developing a rash.